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Title: دور الكوميسا في تحقيق التنمية الاقتصادية للدول الأعضاء, كينيا نموذجا 1995م – 2018م
Authors: كيا علي انامي
Keywords: الاقتصاد
التكامل الاقتصادي
التنمية الاقتصادية
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: جامعة إفريقيا العالمية
Citation: جــامـعـــة إفـريـقـيـا الــعــالـمـيـة ـ عمادة الدراسات العليا ـ كلية الاقتصاد والعلوم السياسية ـ قسم الاقتصاد
Abstract: The research discusses about the Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA) and its role in achieving economic development in Kenya as a model. The objectives of this research are to clarify and identify the role of economic integration in achieving development, with respect to the Common Market for East and Southern Africa and Kenya in particular, and the urgent need for the Common Market for East and Southern Africa to carry out the process of economic integration between member states. This research raised the following questions: To what extent can COMESA contribute to achieving economic development in the member states, how can COMESA contribute to the development of intra-trade among member states, and how can Kenya benefit from COMESA with the availability of the disparity and difference in the degree of growth and economic development. How can the effectiveness of COMESA be increased in such a way that it leads to strengthening the bonds of relations between the member states, and the researcher assumed that COMESA has an effective role in achieving economic development in its countries, and the economic market contributes to the development of intra-trade among the member states, and COMESA has also contributed to the development process in Kenya. The researcher used the historical, descriptive and analytical approach with the case study, and the researcher reached the most important result that Kenya’s benefit from its accession to COMESA in increasing local production and the pursuit of commodity exchange movement through technology in the agricultural, industrial and financial sectors and the existence of direct air, sea transport lines and by land between Kenya and the member states, and in this regard, an air route was opened between Kenya, Sudan and Egypt during the year 2004. The Common Market led to some negative effects in some of the local industry like the sugar sector, it led to the occurrence of cases of dumping especially sugar product in the Kenyan domestic market. The similarity in Kenyan goods and commodities from other market countries has weakened the trade movement between Kenya and other market countries and poses a threat to local production. However, Kenya’s accession to COMESA resulted in benefits for the Kenyan consumer by obtaining cheap goods from market countries. The researcher believes that the success of the COMESA organization in its activities can be based on the approach of functional theory by focusing on an important aspect in international relations, which is the economic and social prosperity of all peoples of the world, opening political borders between countries, and thus focusing on the means in which they do not bring differences between member states, and he also recommended that, in order to make COMESA more influential among member states, keep pace with the spirit of the time and take into account the following priorities: take the necessary measures to improve the investment in climate, increase the competiveness of the products in the industrial and diversified economy, and the production rules and then upgrading of governance systems to solve disputes between member states.
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