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dc.contributor.authorطه أحمد طه محمد-
dc.identifier.citationجامعة إفريقيا العالمية - عمادة الدراسات العليا - كلية الاقتصادen_US
dc.description.abstractThe Islamic State was based on the religion of Allah in all its aspects, whether in governance or reference or other different aspects of life as well as it was the general feature and the dominant characteristics of all Islamic countries that have succeeded throughout the ages. In the West, the Church extended its influence over all aspects of life with its great deviations, especially after the Church became a game in the hands of clergymen and priests, and the deviated Christian religion became the opium of the civilizational and scientific construction in the Western world, this what das led to secularism. At that time, the state was then known as a theocratic or religious state and was controlled by the Church, which had hostile stances against science and evolution. It did its best to fight the scientists who used their minds in scientific conquests. As a result (and for other reasons not this subject), people have revolted against the Church and it lost its hegemony and control in all aspects of life, and the state which the Church has no authority over it was established on the ruins of that. It is recognized among scholars in the basics of the political system of the Islamic state and in the history of this system that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) established the first Islamic state after his Hijra (migration) from Makkah to Medina. This state is considered to be the oldest known picture to date in the history of humanity of the state as it is a historical picture of the political community pictures. It was characterized by all elements that distinguish the state according to the prevailing concepts in the studies of contemporary political science. The importance stems from the fact that the Islamic state’s enlightened advocates see that the concept of state in Islam does not match the “theocratic” religious rule, which reduces the human mind for fixed texts that may be overridden by the mind and interest of the community and impose one phase on the entire population and dedicates subjugation and non-recognition of others “Muslims and non-Muslims” and deprives them from political rights and freedoms. They rather see that the concept of state in Islam may contribute genuinely to the solution of many current societal and political issues, and that this state does not destroy the achievements attained by secularism, but rather add to it. This can be achieved by “certain understanding” for religion and “certain understanding” for secularism. As a result of the circulation of the concept of state in Islamic political thought and the fact that it contains doctrinal matters and where many people of secular orientation judge and attach Islam, its values and its doctrines through this term and try to pass Western ideas such as secularism and so on to the Islamic community through some of its issues. In addition to the deviation of some people who have Islamic mental trend in adopting the aspects of the subject, hence the problem of the research arises. There are a number of questions raised by the researcher in this research to be answered: 1) Does Islam have civil affairs in which people decide according to their minds and interests? Or does religion dominate everything? 2) What is the stance of religion on politics and organization of society? 3) Does Islam oblige its followers to establish a state? What is the nature of this state, what is its role in society, and what are the limits of its powers? 4) Does linking political power with religion lead - necessarily - to the establishment of a religious “theocratic” authority that does not recognize civil liberties and rights and thus a specific group in society in governs the name of religion? 5) What are the stances of Ennahda “Renaissance” movement on the new Tunisian Constitution? 6) What are the stances of the Renaissance movement on the issue of the civil state?  The study will be divided into three chapters. The first chapter will deal with the concept of Religious Power “theocracy”, the concept of secularism, its historical path and the concept of a civil state.  In the second chapter comparison will be made between the relationship between religion and state and also between the Shura “Consultancy “and democracy as well as the researcher will address the constitutional principles of Islam, "Justice, Equality and Shura." The third chapter investigates the definition, means and objectives of Ennahda” Renaissance” Tunisian movement and clarifies the factors of its genesis and rise and follows its historical path from the late sixties until 2016, while addressing its intellectual and political discourse and clarifying its intellectual vision of the concepts of democracy, pluralism, secularism, the issue of implementing Shari’ah and related concepts.en_US
dc.subjectالعلوم السياسيةen_US
dc.subjectالدولة في الإسلامen_US
dc.subjectنظم الحكمen_US
dc.title"الدولة في الفكر الإسلامي بين السلطة الدينية والدولة المدنية "حركة النهضة التونسية نموذجاًen_US
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