Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.iua.edu.sd/handle/123456789/2915
Title: ANALYSIS OF SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF FLASH FLOODS OVER ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA (2004 - 2016
Authors: YUSUF UMAR AHMAD
Keywords: Management in Nigeria
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSTY OF AFRICA KHARTOUM, SUDAN A THESIS FOR Ph. D DEGREE SUBMITTED TO THE DEANSHIP OF GRADUATE STUDIES, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND PUBLICATION FACULTY OF ARTS, DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY
Abstract: Flood disasters remain the common and widespread of all natural hazards in the world and in the floodplains of Adamawa State in particular. The consequences flooding are so enormous both on physical and socioeconomic well-being of the inhabitants. In the study area for example, over 302,200 people were reported to have been affected with many lives lost due to flood menace in recent times. Seven local government areas out of the 21 were purposively selected, and from each, four communities were randomly selected as the sample for the study. 57 questionnaires were administered to each of these communities. Therefore, a total of 400 questionnaires were administered using Singha, (2002) formula, but 383 were retrieved. In addition, Focus Group Discussions (FGD) of 7-10 participants aged between 25 and 65 years was conducted in five communities randomly selected. The FGD interaction took place in vernacular (Hausa language) which was the second lingua franker of most of the communities and then later translated into English language. Also, other sources of secondary data include records from the Adamawa State Emergency Management Agency (ADSEMA), National Environmental Management Agency (NEMA), Federal Ministry of Environment (FME) and State Ministry of Environment (SME). SPSS 16.0 and Microsoft Excel 2010 soft-wares were used in coding and analyzing the data in form of frequency, percentages, correlation, charts and graphs in order to make meaning out of it. Arch view GIS 3.2a was also used in the overlay analysis. The findings of research indicate that torrential rainfall cause by climate change was the major factor responsible for the flood disaster in the study area especially that the mean annual rainfall in the years 2009, 2012, 2013 and 2014 ranged between 88.4mm and 90.4mm. This figure was higher than what was obtained in the previous decades. However, the increase in the amount of rainfall is connected with global warming which is responsible for the extreme storms in most of the Sub Saharan African countries. Similarly, the results show how floods strangulated socioeconomic activities of the affected communities in terms of displacement, ill health and sanitary, loss of farmlands/farm produce, destruction of houses, etc. The result of the product moment correlation on the other hand shows that there is correlation between rainfall intensity and flooding (r=1.6622). Similarly, there is correlation between torrential rainfall and flooding and between topography and flooding which were 0.16929 and 0.9944 respectively. The implication of the findings is that proactive measures should be taken to with view to checkmating flood disasters, so that the area will not continue to suffer from the challenges. In view of that, based on the findings of the research, recommendations were made as to how flood the disaster will be ameliorated in the study area.
URI: http://dspace.iua.edu.sd/handle/123456789/2915
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