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Title: أثر الجفاف في توزيع السكان في دولة تشاد 1980- 2013م
Authors: محمد المهدي فج الدين
Keywords: الجفاف
الموقع الجغرافي لدولة تشاد
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: عمادة الدراسات العليا - جامعة إفريقيا العالمية - كلية الادآب - قسم الجغرافيا
Abstract: The study examines the spatial differences, patterns and different factors of population distribution, characteristics and movement in a given region, and the impact of natural, economic, political and social conditions in their different characteristics. The study aims to give a clear idea of the geographical distribution of the population in Chad and then identify the most important factors affecting this distribution, especially the identification of the drought phenomenon that hit the country from the desertification, poverty, famine and tribal wars that have passed through Chad. The aim of the research is to provide data on the population of Chad and their geographic distribution to benefit from the planning aspects of the State. The study was based on the historical, descriptive, quantitative, analytical and field studies methodology. On the ground, we observe that the movement of people within Chad and their irregular and irregular distribution are due to environmental factors, especially in the northern and central parts of the country. These are areas within the dry range, which are areas that repel the population. The areas in the south of the country are tropical, Distribution is irregular in Chad. The most important findings of the study are that the country of Chad is rich in natural resources and has large areas of arable land. The State must fight the causes of drought to reduce its damage to vegetation and livestock, which has left the population in their original regions and Better, and also the need to provide safe water for the population and fight poverty, and the construction of schools, institutes and universities in all regions of the country, which helps to redistribute the population and the migration of some to the capital. Reduce the phenomenon of internal migration and educate the population to damage the overgrazing, unjust agriculture, logging, fire and fighting all other factors that help drought.
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